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Service Account

Service account是为了方便Pod里面的进程调用Kubernetes API或其他外部服务而设计的。它与User account不同

  • User account是为人设计的,而service account则是为Pod中的进程调用Kubernetes API而设计;
  • User account是跨namespace的,而service account则是仅局限它所在的namespace;
  • 每个namespace都会自动创建一个default service account
  • Token controller检测service account的创建,并为它们创建secret
  • 开启ServiceAccount Admission Controller后
    • 每个Pod在创建后都会自动设置spec.serviceAccountName为default(除非指定了其他ServiceAccout)
    • 验证Pod引用的service account已经存在,否则拒绝创建
    • 如果Pod没有指定ImagePullSecrets,则把service account的ImagePullSecrets加到Pod中
    • 每个container启动后都会挂载该service account的token和ca.crt/var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/
$ kubectl exec nginx-3137573019-md1u2 ls /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount
ca.crt
namespace
token

创建Service Account

$ kubectl create serviceaccount jenkins
serviceaccount "jenkins" created
$ kubectl get serviceaccounts jenkins -o yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  creationTimestamp: 2017-05-27T14:32:25Z
  name: jenkins
  namespace: default
  resourceVersion: "45559"
  selfLink: /api/v1/namespaces/default/serviceaccounts/jenkins
  uid: 4d66eb4c-42e9-11e7-9860-ee7d8982865f
secrets:
- name: jenkins-token-l9v7v

自动创建的secret:

kubectl get secret jenkins-token-l9v7v -o yaml
apiVersion: v1
data:
  ca.crt: (APISERVER CA BASE64 ENCODED)
  namespace: ZGVmYXVsdA==
  token: (BEARER TOKEN BASE64 ENCODED)
kind: Secret
metadata:
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/service-account.name: jenkins
    kubernetes.io/service-account.uid: 4d66eb4c-42e9-11e7-9860-ee7d8982865f
  creationTimestamp: 2017-05-27T14:32:25Z
  name: jenkins-token-l9v7v
  namespace: default
  resourceVersion: "45558"
  selfLink: /api/v1/namespaces/default/secrets/jenkins-token-l9v7v
  uid: 4d697992-42e9-11e7-9860-ee7d8982865f
type: kubernetes.io/service-account-token

添加ImagePullSecrets

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  creationTimestamp: 2015-08-07T22:02:39Z
  name: default
  namespace: default
  selfLink: /api/v1/namespaces/default/serviceaccounts/default
  uid: 052fb0f4-3d50-11e5-b066-42010af0d7b6
secrets:
- name: default-token-uudge
imagePullSecrets:
- name: myregistrykey

授权

Service Account为服务提供了一种方便的认证机制,但它不关心授权的问题。可以配合RBAC来为Service Account鉴权:

  • 配置--authorization-mode=RBAC--runtime-config=rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1alpha1
  • 配置--authorization-rbac-super-user=admin
  • 定义Role、ClusterRole、RoleBinding或ClusterRoleBinding

比如

# This role allows to read pods in the namespace "default"
kind: Role
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1alpha1
metadata:
  namespace: default
  name: pod-reader
rules:
  - apiGroups: [""] # The API group "" indicates the core API Group.
    resources: ["pods"]
    verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
    nonResourceURLs: []
---
# This role binding allows "default" to read pods in the namespace "default"
kind: RoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1alpha1
metadata:
  name: read-pods
  namespace: default
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount # May be "User", "Group" or "ServiceAccount"
    name: default
roleRef:
  kind: Role
  name: pod-reader
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io

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