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scapy

scapy是一个强大的python网络数据包处理库,它可以生成或解码网络协议数据包,可以用来端口扫描、探测、网络测试等。

scapy安装

pip install scapy

简单使用

scapy提供了一个简单的交互式界面,直接运行scapy命令即可进入。当然,也可以在python交互式命令行中导入scapy包进入

from scapy.all import *

查看所有支持的协议和预制工具:

ls()
lsc()

构造IP数据包

pkt=IP(dst="8.8.8.8")
pkt.show()
print pkt.dst  # 8.8.8.8
str(pkt)       # hex string
hexdump(pkt)   # hex dump

输出HEX格式的数据包

import binascii
from scapy.all import *
a=Ether(dst="02:ac:10:ff:00:22",src="02:ac:10:ff:00:11")/IP(dst="172.16.255.22",src="172.16.255.11", ttl=10)/ICMP()
print binascii.hexlify(str(a))

TCP/IP协议的四层模型都可以分别构造,并通过/连接

Ether()/IP()/TCP()
IP()/TCP()
IP()/TCP()/"GET / HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n"
Ether()/IP()/IP()/UDP()
Ether()/IP(dst="www.slashdot.org")/TCP()/"GET /index.html HTTP/1.0 \n\n"

从PCAP文件读入数据

a = rdpcap("test.cap")

发送数据包

# 三层发送,不接收
send(IP(dst="8.8.8.8")/ICMP())  
# 二层发送,不接收
sendp(Ether()/IP(dst="8.8.8.8",ttl=10)/ICMP())
# 三层发送并接收
# 二层可以用srp, srp1和srploop 
result, unanswered = sr(IP(dst="8.8.8.8")/ICMP())
# 发送并只接收第一个包
sr1(IP(dst="8.8.8.8")/ICMP())
# 发送多个数据包
result=srloop(IP(dst="8.8.8.8")/ICMP(), inter=1, count=2)

嗅探数据包

sniff(filter="icmp", count=3, timeout=5, prn=lambda x:x.summary())
a=sniff(filter="tcp and ( port 25 or port 110 )",
 prn=lambda x: x.sprintf("%IP.src%:%TCP.sport% -> %IP.dst%:%TCP.dport%  %2s,TCP.flags% : %TCP.payload%"))

SYN扫描

sr1(IP(dst="172.217.24.14")/TCP(dport=80,flags="S"))
ans,unans = sr(IP(dst=["192.168.1.1","yahoo.com","slashdot.org"])/TCP(dport=[22,80,443],flags="S"))

TCP traceroute

ans,unans=sr(IP(dst="www.baidu.com",ttl=(2,25),id=RandShort())/TCP(flags=0x2),timeout=50) 
for snd,rcv in ans: 
    print snd.ttl,rcv.src,isinstance(rcv.payload,TCP)

ARP Ping

ans,unans=srp(Ether(dst="ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff")/ARP(pdst="192.168.1.0/24"),timeout=2)
ans.summary(lambda (s,r): r.sprintf("%Ether.src% %ARP.psrc%") )

ICMP Ping

ans,unans=sr(IP(dst="192.168.1.1-254")/ICMP())
ans.summary(lambda (s,r): r.sprintf("%IP.src% is alive") )

TCP Ping

ans,unans=sr( IP(dst="192.168.1.*")/TCP(dport=80,flags="S") )
ans.summary( lambda(s,r) : r.sprintf("%IP.src% is alive") )

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