Kubernetes测试

单元测试

单元测试仅依赖于源代码,是测试代码逻辑是否符合预期的最简单方法。

运行所有的单元测试

make test

仅测试指定的package

# 单个package
make test WHAT=./pkg/api
# 多个packages
make test WHAT=./pkg/{api,kubelet}

或者,也可以直接用go test

go test -v k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/kubelet

仅测试指定package的某个测试case

# Runs TestValidatePod in pkg/api/validation with the verbose flag set
make test WHAT=./pkg/api/validation KUBE_GOFLAGS="-v" KUBE_TEST_ARGS='-run ^TestValidatePod$'

# Runs tests that match the regex ValidatePod|ValidateConfigMap in pkg/api/validation
make test WHAT=./pkg/api/validation KUBE_GOFLAGS="-v" KUBE_TEST_ARGS="-run ValidatePod\|ValidateConfigMap$"

或者直接用go test

go test -v k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/api/validation -run ^TestValidatePod$

并行测试

并行测试是root out flakes的一种有效方法:

# Have 2 workers run all tests 5 times each (10 total iterations).
make test PARALLEL=2 ITERATION=5

生成测试报告

make test KUBE_COVER=y

Benchmark测试

go test ./pkg/apiserver -benchmem -run=XXX -bench=BenchmarkWatch

集成测试

Kubernetes集成测试需要安装etcd(只要按照即可,不需要启动),比如

hack/install-etcd.sh  # Installs in ./third_party/etcd
echo export PATH="\$PATH:$(pwd)/third_party/etcd" >> ~/.profile  # Add to PATH

集成测试会在需要的时候自动启动etcd和kubernetes服务,并运行test/integration里面的测试。

运行所有集成测试

make test-integration  # Run all integration tests.

指定集成测试用例

# Run integration test TestPodUpdateActiveDeadlineSeconds with the verbose flag set.
make test-integration KUBE_GOFLAGS="-v" KUBE_TEST_ARGS="-run ^TestPodUpdateActiveDeadlineSeconds$"

End to end (e2e)测试

End to end (e2e) 测试模拟用户行为操作Kubernetes,用来保证Kubernetes服务或集群的行为完全符合设计预期。

在开启e2e测试之前,需要先编译测试文件,并设置KUBERNETES_PROVIDER(默认为gce):

make WHAT='test/e2e/e2e.test'
make ginkgo
export KUBERNETES_PROVIDER=local

启动cluster,测试,最后停止cluster

# build Kubernetes, up a cluster, run tests, and tear everything down
go run hack/e2e.go -- -v --build --up --test --down

仅测试指定的用例

go run hack/e2e.go -v -test --test_args='--ginkgo.focus=Kubectl\sclient\s\[k8s\.io\]\sKubectl\srolling\-update\sshould\ssupport\srolling\-update\sto\ssame\simage\s\[Conformance\]$'

跳过测试用例

go run hack/e2e.go -- -v --test --test_args="--ginkgo.skip=Pods.*env

并行测试

# Run tests in parallel, skip any that must be run serially
GINKGO_PARALLEL=y go run hack/e2e.go --v --test --test_args="--ginkgo.skip=\[Serial\]"

# Run tests in parallel, skip any that must be run serially and keep the test namespace if test failed
GINKGO_PARALLEL=y go run hack/e2e.go --v --test --test_args="--ginkgo.skip=\[Serial\] --delete-namespace-on-failure=false"

清理测试资源

go run hack/e2e.go -- -v --down

有用的-ctl

# -ctl can be used to quickly call kubectl against your e2e cluster. Useful for
# cleaning up after a failed test or viewing logs. Use -v to avoid suppressing
# kubectl output.
go run hack/e2e.go -- -v -ctl='get events'
go run hack/e2e.go -- -v -ctl='delete pod foobar'

Fedaration e2e测试

export FEDERATION=true
export E2E_ZONES="us-central1-a us-central1-b us-central1-f"
# or export FEDERATION_PUSH_REPO_BASE="quay.io/colin_hom"
export FEDERATION_PUSH_REPO_BASE="gcr.io/${GCE_PROJECT_NAME}"

# build container images
KUBE_RELEASE_RUN_TESTS=n KUBE_FASTBUILD=true go run hack/e2e.go -- -v -build

# push the federation container images
build/push-federation-images.sh

# Deploy federation control plane
go run hack/e2e.go -- -v --up

# Finally, run the tests
go run hack/e2e.go -- -v --test --test_args="--ginkgo.focus=\[Feature:Federation\]"

# Don't forget to teardown everything down
go run hack/e2e.go -- -v --down

可以用cluster/log-dump.sh <directory>方便的下载相关日志,帮助排查测试中碰到的问题。

Node e2e测试

Node e2e仅测试Kubelet的相关功能,可以在本地或者集群中测试

export KUBERNETES_PROVIDER=local
make test-e2e-node FOCUS="InitContainer"
make test_e2e_node TEST_ARGS="--experimental-cgroups-per-qos=true"

补充说明

借助kubectl的模版可以方便获取想要的数据,比如查询某个container的镜像的方法为

kubectl get pods nginx-4263166205-ggst4 -o template '--template={{if (exists . "status" "containerStatuses")}}{{range .status.containerStatuses}}{{if eq .name "nginx"}}{{.image}}{{end}}{{end}}{{end}}'

参考文档

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